Advisor Update February 2017 - European Politics 2017: A Roadmap

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Advisor Update February 2017 - European Politics 2017: A Roadmap

European Politics 2017: A Roadmap

After seven years of continuous crises within Europe’s byzantine political structures, American observers can be forgiven if they’ve become fatigued and lost interest. However, 2017 is set to be the year when Europe either confirms the end of its 70-year period of deepening regional integration, or the year it abandons the idea of fragmentation as a solution to its woes. As a result, an update on the evolving political risk factors is in order.

  • The first event to make waves will be the Dutch general election on March 15. The right-wing nationalist Party for Freedom, led by Geert Wilders, leads in the polls with about 30% of the vote. While it should concern markets that the likely winner of the election is campaigning on a platform to withdraw from the European Union and Eurozone, the reality is that the Party for Freedom will be unable to form a government. Under Dutch election law, the party receiving the most votes must seek out other parties to join a coalition government such that they represent a majority of the electorate. All other major parties will be unwilling to join a coalition with the Party for Freedom, which would leave it to the second highest vote-getter, likely the center-right People’s Party for Freedom and Democracy, to form a moderate government and avoid a major disruption.
  • Following the Dutch election will be the French presidential election on April 23 and May 7. Here again, a right-wing nationalist candidate who seeks to withdraw from the European Union and Eurozone is leading in the polls, but likely won’t win the Presidency. Under French election law, the top two candidates from the first round of voting enter a runoff election. Marine Le Pen will likely advance to the runoff, where she will struggle to defeat a more centrist candidate in Emmanuel Macron or Franҫois Fillon.
  • The third major election of the year will be the German federal election on September 24. Angela Merkel’s center-right CDU/CSU party has enjoyed strong support for many years, but has lost ground in the polls to Martin Schulz’
    center-left SPD party recently, with the two currently running neck and neck. While Merkel is certainly more business-friendly than Schulz, her loss in the election would not be nearly as disruptive as a right-wing nationalist victory in the Dutch or French elections. Furthermore, the right-wing nationalist Alternative for Germany party has lost ground and is now polling below 10%, after reaching 16% in the second half of 2016, a reassuring signal for European
  • In addition to these three, there is the potential for an Italian election this year. Prime Minister Matteo Renzi was forced to resign following his defeat in a constitutional referendum last December, but incomplete reforms to current election laws initially prevented holding new elections. A recent court ruling has settled the outstanding election law issues, which would enable new elections this year. A potential Italian election would pose substantial uncertainty. Currently, the center-left Democratic Party is even in the polls with the anti-Europe Five Star Alliance, led by Beppe Grillo. Neither one will have sufficient votes to form a government on their own, so would have to form a coalition with other parties. It isn’t clear whether the Five Star Alliance would be able to find any willing coalition partners if they were to win the election, but the possibility represents a major risk factor.
  • Amidst these major elections, negotiations surrounding yet another Greek debt restructuring are ongoing. It’s shocking that European policymakers continue to find themselves back in the same position, with Greece unable to make a debt payment due in July. The difficulty this time around is that the IMF cannot by its own rules agree to the deal that the European Commission seeks because by their measure it does not provide Greece with a sustainable debt trajectory. However, Germany has made its own participation conditional on IMF involvement. The most likely outcome is one which we’ve seen repeatedly: scary headlines, political grandstanding, and an 11th hour deal that will put everyone back in the same position a year or two from now—a real Greek tragedy.
  • The last major unknown in the European political sphere is the ongoing Brexit negotiations. The UK House of Commons voted this month to approve the process of withdrawal, authorizing Prime Minister Theresa May to invoke Article 50 of the EU treaty and formally begin the two year negotiation process to leave the European Union. At that point, formal negotiations will begin, with the UK seeking to maintain access to the European Single Market, and Europe seeking to extract a major “divorce payment” and demonstrate to other countries considering EU exits the high cost to do so.

Despite these risk factors, we expect the major negative outcomes to be avoided, and even see opportunity for greater European integration with positive impacts on European asset markets. The simplest rationale for this perspective is that in each case listed above, the most disruptive outcome is unlikely. However, 2016 demonstrated how fraught an exercise it is to predict elections based on polling data. We instead have developed a different thesis: the factors which propelled anti-Europe candidates no longer exist.

  • In Northern Europe, successful Eurosceptic parties have been right-wing nationalists running on platforms of “European identity” based on anti-immigration rhetoric. But the European refugee crisis of 2015 has subsided, leaving the message of these “single-issue” parties rather hollow.


  • In Southern Europe, successful Eurosceptic parties have been left-wing populists running on platforms of economic revival enabled by freeing the shackles of the Euro. But after years of stagnation, the European economy has begun to accelerate, fueled by a relaxation of austerity measures, aggressive ECB policy, and rejuvenated bank lending. This renewed growth, especially its impact on employment, changes the calculus of those Europeans who previously felt conditions were bad enough to risk leaving the Union.

It is easy to become overwhelmed by negative headlines, but it’s clear to us that the two factors which propelled Eurosceptic politics to the forefront have subsided. We therefore expect their success to subside, and with it the threat of European fragmentation. Instead, the major political forces on the continent will be empowered with fresh mandates to forge the policy reforms necessary to ensure the long-term stability of the European Union and Eurozone, a prospect which would have major positive effects on European asset markets and the global economy.


John Forlines, III

JAForlines, LLC

Investment Management

Past performance is no guarantee of future results. The material contained herein as well as any attachments is not an offer or solicitation for the purchase or sale of any financial instrument. It is presented only to provide information on investment strategies, opportunities and, on occasion, summary reviews on various portfolio performances. Returns can vary dramatically in separately managed accounts as such factors as point of entry, style range and varying execution costs at different broker/dealers can play a role. The material contains the current opinions of the author, which are subject to change without notice. Statements concerning financial market trends are based on current market conditions, which will fluctuate. References to specific securities and issuers are for illustrative purposes only and are not intended to be, and should not be interpreted as, recommendations to purchase or sell such securities. Forecasts are inherently limited and should not be relied upon as an indicator of future results. There is no guarantee that these investment strategies will work under all market conditions, and each advisor should evaluate their ability to invest client funds for the long-term, especially during periods of downturn in the market.

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